High Blood Pressure ++ Diet ++ Treatment ++ Symptoms ++ Remedies ++ Medication ++ Causes ++ Blood Pressure ++ Hypertension ++ Food

High blood pressure and hydrochlorothiazide

High blood pressure and hydrochlorothiazide

Solutions for treating high blood pressure and hydrochlorothiazide

The diuretic hydrochlorothiazide is often prescribed for hypertension

Hydrochlorothiazide for high blood pressure

High blood pressure or hypertension is one of the most common diseases of modern times. Stress and a fast pace of living can cause hypertension. This disease is really dangerous and more often than not, the patient only notices the symptoms when it is much too late.

Why is that? Hypertension comes with a few or no noticeable symptoms. The consequences for the body, if not treated, are extremely far-reaching.

Heart attacks, strokes or arteriosclerosis are high on the list of secondary diseases.

As a rule, the normal blood pressure of an adult is 120-130 to 80-85 mmHg. Hypertension is where the pressure has an approximate value of 140 to 90 mmHg.

Symptoms of Hypertension:

- Dizziness

- Headaches

- Shortness of breath

- Sleeping problems

Hydrochlorothiazide - the preferred means of treatment

Due to its mode of action Hydrochlorothiazide is the most frequently prescribed drug for hypertension. Hydrochlorothiazide, or "6-chloro-3,4-drhydro-2H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine-7-sulfonomid 1,1-dioxide" or just "HCT", belongs to a the group of diuretics and is only available on prescription.

Hydrochlorothiazide in hypertension

Mode of action of hydrochlorothiazide:

HCT works in the kidneys and the distal tubule. After taking it orally or in the form of tablets or capsules, HCT begins to block the reuptake of sodium and chloride during the filtering process. Sodium and chloride are substances that are known to append water.

If they are so excreted from the body, water is also increasingly transported out of the body in the urinary bladder. It is this water excretion that reduces the amount of circulating blood in the circulation. Thus, the blood pressure drops in the blood vessels and the heart can pump all the blood easier throughout the body.

Uses for hydrochlorothiazide:

Although hydrochlorothiazide is usually prescribed as a remedy for hypertension, it can also regulate the blood pressure.

Diuretics and high blood pressure

Hydrochlorothiazide can help with high blood pressure

With high blood pressure and hypertension, the diuretic hydrochlorothiazide helps

Since it significantly facilitates the work of the heart by the reduced amount of blood, HCT can also be used to treat heart failure. If there is no other possibility of drug treatment, HCT can also be used for "Diabetes insipidus" (a very rare hormone deficiency disease).

Additionally, an elevated blood pressure can be controlled with hydrochlorothiazide HCT and also cure edema by something known as concentration equilibrium.

Due to the loss of fluid in the bloodstream, it can also reduce fluid swellings.

Side-effects of hydrochlorothiazide

Side-effects include:


Hypovolemia - decreased amount of blood in circulation

Hypokalaemia - potassium deficiency

Hyponatremia - sodium deficiency

Hypercalcemia - excess calcium

Hypotension - low blood pressure


Therefore, the prescribed intake must be maintained.

As an additional advice: HCT hydrochlorothiazide should be taken as far as possible in the morning. So sleep is not disturbed by the increased need to urinate.

Here you can read more about the diuretic indapamide and their use in high blood pressure.

Hydrochlorothiazide and high blood pressure

Diuretics like hydrochlorothiazide for hypertension

Side effects of hydrochlorothiazide

What kind of drugs for treating high blood pressure?