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Propranolol with high blood pressure

Propranolol for high blood pressure

Propranolol is a drug which provides a remedy for high blood pressure (also known as hypertension).

Propranolol is used in the treatment of high blood pressure. It is also used for the treatment of congestive heart failure, migraines, coronary artery disease and essential tremors.

Also, the agent can compensate for the effect of hyperthyroidism on the heart and prevent anxiety disorders.

How does it work?

The drug lowers the blood pressure to prevent high blood pressure. Furthermore, it leads to a slowdown and a rhythm of the heartbeat, resulting in a reduction of cardiac arrhythmias.

Propranolol is a non-selective fat-soluble beta blocker which works on the beta-1 and beta-2 receptors.

Beta 1 receptors reduce the number of heart rate and thus reduce the heart muscle tension.

There are also beta 1 receptors in the kidney, where the release of the pressor hormone renin is attenuated. Thus, the blood pressure is lowered.

The beta-blocker propranolol

Propranolol as beta-blockers in the fight against hypertension

Propranolol is used to treat high blood pressure

When should the drug propranolol not be taken?

It should not be taken by patients that have a hypersensitivity to beta-blockers, those with cardiac muscle weakness, a slow heart rate and low blood pressure. In these instances, it can cause cardiovascular shock.

Furthermore, the drug should not be used in conjunction with severe circulatory disorders. One-third of the drug is absorbed through the intestine, two-thirds are broken down in the liver and then excreted by the kidney. Thus, the dose of liver or kidney function should be adjusted. In disturbances of liver activity, it may lead to a prolonged action.

Side effects

Side effects usually do not occur in the same strength and frequency for everyone. Side effects include an initial rise in blood pressure, asthma attacks, syncope and peripheral circulatory disorders.

Also, headaches, confusion, nervousness, insomnia and gastric complaints were frequently observed.

Interactions of propranolol

Interactions with other drugs

Interactions occur differently depending on the medication currently being taken.

In general it can be said that it amplifies the druges associated with the treatment of diabetes.

The effect of other antihypertensive drugs may be enhanced and thus lead to an excessive fall in blood pressure. If the drug is used with the stress hormones norepinephrine and epinephrine, it can lead to a rapid and strong increase in blood pressure.

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The beta blocker propranolol

Interactions of propranolol

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